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A Brief Overview of the U.S. Constitution

An international government, for it to bring world peace, cannot be created by force. It must treat all people equally and fairly. All people must have a say in its creation. Everyone on the planet must agree before it is signed. It must be accepted only if it makes it impossible for one country or one individual to have more power than another.

In a unicameral (single legislative chamber) government based on "one country, one vote," a densely populated country has less representation per person than a small country. If the representation is based on population, the small countries have less representation. An international government based on a unicameral government would never be accepted by all the people.

The Founding Fathers of the United States faced a similar dilemma when writing the U.S. Constitution. By creating a goverment based on fair and equitable practices, they were able to bring peace to a land with many diverse cultures and histories, with large and small, populated and rural, states. The concept has been proven to work for over 225 years, except for the Civil War. An international government based on fair and equitable practices would guarantee that populated countries and small countries would receive equal representation.

The international government will be debated by every person on the planet. Everyone must understand how they will benefit before it is formed. Its constitution will be written to maintain peace for a thousand years.

This is a brief overview of the U.S. Constitution. The WPO recommends that it be used as the model for the international government constitution, which will be written by an international group of "Founding Parents," who will then allow the peoples of the world to decide if this is the highest good that we can do for all people, in order to stop international violence and assure all people the right to "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness".

Bicameral Legislative Branch:
The Senate and House of Representatives

  • The Senate creates laws governing the rights of the people. Each state has equal representation.
  • The House of Representatives creates the laws governing the will of the people. Each state's representation is based on its population.
  • Bills are decided by vote.
  • Senators and Representatives are elected by the people.
  • Senators and representatives must take an oath of office, and can be removed from office if proven that they have overstepped their authority.
Checks and Balances
  • The president can "veto" a bill to prevent it from becoming a law.
  • The judicial branch can decide the law is unconstitutional.

Executive Branch

  • The president, with advice from the vice president and the cabinet, decides if the bills are executable. If a bill is decided to be un-executable, it can go back to the legislative branch to be rewritten, or it is vetoed.
  • The president and the vice president are elected by the people.
  • The president and vice president must take an oath of office, and can be removed from office if proven that they have overstepped their authority.
Checks and Balances
  • The legislative branch can overrule a veto, but it must pass by a greater majority.
  • The judicial branch can decide the law is unconstitutional.

Judicial Branch: The Supreme Court and the Lower Courts

  • The Supreme Court decides if laws are constitutional —or when laws conflict.
  • Made of a panel of justices, who serve for life terms.
  • When an opening occurs, the president nominates a successor, and he or she must be confirmed by the legislative branch.
  • The lower courts decide disputes depending on jurisdiction. These judges are chosen by the people or may be appointed.
  • Can be removed from office if proven they have overstepped their authority.
Checks and Balances
  • Candidates for Supreme Court justice are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Legislative Branch.
  • The legislative branch can remove or rewrite laws.

The Rights of the Individual

  • Are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, which are the first ten amendments of the Constitution.
  • Any individual has the right to approach his or her senator or representative to begin the process of creating a new law, or changing an old law that can be made more fair and equitable.
  • When there is a question of constitutionality of a law, a citizen can take the dispute to the Supreme Court.
  • Any citizen can run for public office. Positions have certain requirements.
  • If accused of a crime, is entitled to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of his peers, and is considered innocent until proved guilty.

The Bill of Rights

  1. "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

  2.  
  3. "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

  4.  
  5. "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."

  6.  
  7. "The rights of the people to be secure in their persons, papers and effects, against unreasonsable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrents shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."

  8.  
  9. "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be in subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, not deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation."

  10.  
  11. "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence."

  12.  
  13. "In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in and Court of the United States, then according to the rules of the common law."

  14.  
  15. "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted."

  16.  
  17. "The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."

  18.  
  19. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
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