A Brief Overview of the U.S. Constitution
An international government, for it to bring world peace, cannot be created by force.
It must treat all people equally and fairly. All people must have a say in its
creation. Everyone on the planet must agree before it is signed. It must be accepted only
if it makes it impossible for one country or one individual to have more power than another.
In a unicameral (single legislative chamber) government based on "one country, one
vote," a densely populated country has less representation per person than a small country.
If the representation is based on population, the small countries have less
representation. An international government based on a unicameral government would never be
accepted by all the people.
The Founding Fathers of the United States faced a similar dilemma when writing the U.S.
Constitution. By creating a goverment based on fair and equitable practices, they were able
to bring peace to a land with many diverse cultures and histories, with large and small, populated and rural, states.
The concept has been proven to work for over 225 years, except for the Civil War. An international government based on fair and
equitable practices would guarantee that populated countries and small countries would receive equal representation.
The international government will be debated by every person on the planet. Everyone must understand how they will
benefit before it is formed. Its constitution will be written to maintain peace for a thousand years.
This is a brief overview of the U.S. Constitution. The WPO recommends that it be used as the
model for the international government constitution, which will be written by an international group of "Founding Parents,"
who will then allow the
peoples of the world to decide if this is the highest good that we can do for all people,
in order to stop international violence and assure all people the right to "Life, Liberty
and the Pursuit of Happiness".
Bicameral Legislative Branch:
The Senate and House of Representatives
Checks and Balances
- The Senate creates laws governing the rights of the people. Each state has equal representation.
- The House of Representatives creates the laws governing the will of the people. Each state's representation is based
on its population.
- Bills are decided by vote.
- Senators and Representatives are elected by the people.
- Senators and representatives must take an oath of office, and can be removed from office if proven that they have overstepped
- The president can "veto" a bill to prevent it
from becoming a law.
- The judicial branch can decide the law is
Checks and Balances
- The president, with advice from the vice president and the cabinet, decides if the bills are
executable. If a bill is decided to be un-executable, it can go back
to the legislative branch to be rewritten, or it is vetoed.
- The president and the vice president are elected by the
- The president and vice president must take an oath of
office, and can be removed from office if proven that they have
overstepped their authority.
- The legislative branch can overrule a veto, but it must
pass by a greater majority.
- The judicial branch can decide the law is unconstitutional.
Judicial Branch: The Supreme Court and the Lower Courts
Checks and Balances
- The Supreme Court decides if laws are constitutional —or when laws conflict.
- Made of a panel of justices, who serve for life terms.
- When an opening occurs, the president nominates a successor, and he or she must
be confirmed by the legislative branch.
- The lower courts decide disputes depending on
jurisdiction. These judges are chosen by the people or may be appointed.
- Can be removed from office if proven they have overstepped their authority.
- Candidates for Supreme Court justice are nominated by the president
and must be approved by the Legislative Branch.
- The legislative branch can remove or rewrite laws.
The Rights of the Individual
- Are guaranteed by the Bill of
Rights, which are the first ten amendments of the Constitution.
- Any individual has the right to approach his or her senator or
representative to begin the process of creating a new law, or changing an old
law that can be made more fair and equitable.
- When there is a question of constitutionality of a law, a citizen can take the dispute to the Supreme Court.
- Any citizen can run for public office. Positions have certain requirements.
- If accused of a crime, is entitled to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of his peers, and is considered innocent until proved guilty.
The Bill of Rights
- "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting
the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right
of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
- "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of
the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
- "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the
Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."
- "The rights of the people to be secure in their persons, papers and effects,
against unreasonsable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrents shall
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing
the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
- "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime,
unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or
naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger;
nor shall any person be in subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life
or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, not
deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property
be taken for public use without just compensation."
- "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have
been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be
informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have
the assistance of counsel for his defence."
- "In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars,
the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise
re-examined in and Court of the United States, then according to the rules of the common law."
- "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
- "The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to
deny or disparage others retained by the people."
- "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited
by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."